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E-Health
Since 2012:

PKI-Consulting in eHealth

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Swiss UIDB ISO6523 listed
May 2013:

Swiss Unique Business Identification Number is now ISO6523 registered.

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Giesecke & Devrient
November 2012:

We have presented at the G+D Security Forum.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Q: Is the "Trust-Label" the only application of UNIVERSE® ?
    A: The "Trust-Label" is the first Use Case which can be applied today. But in future Use Cases the focus is on automated transactions, e.g. in the Supply Chain or in eInvoicing; also RFID applications are a target.
  • Q: What is the difference between UNIVERSE® and other identification systems used in the Internet?
    A: The prime objective of UNIVERSE® is UNique Identification of business entities. Therefore, it has similarities with other identification systems, like ONS (Object Naming Service), ENUM (tElephone NUmber Mapping) or the DNS (Domain Name System) in general.
    However, the mentioned systems are for technical identification while UNIVERSE® especially deals with business identification.
  • Q: UNIVERSE® also stands for VERification SErvice. Why?
    A: Unambiguous identification of business entities is essential in eCommerce; however verification of the corresponding identifiers is a necessary consequence for gaining trust.
  • Q: When speaking of verification, do you mean authentication?
    A: No, verification means the lookup of identifiers in the correct register. However, based on this verification a simple authentication mechanism is implemented using the information in the trustworthy register.
  • Q: Why is persistence of identifiers important?
    A: UNIVERSE® lays stress on persistent identifiers. A company name or a phone number can change; a commercial register number doesn`t. The legal/commercial entity can only be reliably identified when the identification is persistent.
  • Q: Why is Federation so important?
    A: UNIVERSE® is a network of providers, where each provider has the absolute autonomy in deciding upon to which registers (responsible for allocating identifiers) and to which other UNIVERSE providers it redirects. Also the end user is free to choose a UNIVERSE provider.
  • Q: Which identification schemes are the prime target of UNIVERSE®?
    A: UNIVERSE® is focusing on business identifiers, i.e. for organisations and parts thereof (coworkers, documents, services etc.) and the according reliable and respectable registers. E.g. it is possible for anyone to register a domain name under any name in thedomain name registry while one has usually to undergo a strong registration when registering a company in a commercial register. E.g. in Switzerland a physical, passport based registration is required. So Cyber-Identity UNIVERSE® takes not only the "e"-, but also the "business"-part of eBusiness into account.
  • Q: Which is the relationship with Public Key Infrastructures (PKI)?
    A: There is a complementarity to PKI: Although providing a simple authentication mechanism, UNIVERSE® is widely complementary to PKI. While PKI answers the question "Who are you?", UNIVERSE® is more about "What are you?" and "How good are you?". In addition, UNIVERSE requires as software only an Internet browser. Besides, the problem of persistent unique identification arises sooner or later when PKI is implemented in an open environment.
  • Q: Which is the composition of the HTTP(S) - URL (Uniform Resource Locator) used for tagging uniquely identified entities?
    A: This URL contains the host/domain name of the UNIVERSE® provider (the trust anchor for the end user) and the identifier of the tagged entity as a URN (Uniform Resource Name).
  • Q: What is a URN (Uniform Resource Name)?
    A: a URL is for locating or finding resources; a URN is used for unique identification of an entity according to an identification scheme referenced within the URN. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has defined the URN. See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Name for details.
  • Q: On the technical protocol level using HTTP(S), which is the advantage over DNS-based identification systems like ONS or ENUM?
    A: In the open Internet environment, security (authentication and encryption) can be implemented by using HTTPS (HTTP over SSL/TLS - Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security), the ubiquitous, most used security protocol in the Internet.
    Authentication for DNS requires the protocol extension DNSSEC which is rarely implemented, whereas for encryption no solution at all is in sight.
 
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